Changing credit limits, changing business cycles

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

In the last half-century, capital markets across the industrialized world have undergone massive deregulation, involving large increases in the loan-to-value (LTV) ratios of house- holds and firms. We study the business-cycle implications of this phenomenon in an es- timated dynamic general equilibrium model with multiple credit-constrained agents. A progressive relaxation of credit constraints initially leads to both higher macroeconomic volatility and stronger comovement between debt and real activity. This pattern reverses at LTV ratios not far from those currently observed in many advanced economies, due to credit constraints becoming non-binding more often. The non-monotonic relationship be- tween credit market conditions and macroeconomic fluctuations carries important lessons for regulatory and macroprudential policymakers. While reducing the average LTV ratio may unintentionally increase macroeconomic volatility, a countercyclical LTV ratio proves to be successful in dampening business cycle fluctuations and, most importantly, avoiding dramatic output drops.
TidsskriftEuropean Economic Review
Sider (fra-til)211-239
StatusUdgivet - 2018

ID: 222753022