The causal effect of board size in the performance of small and medium-sized firms

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Empirical studies of large publicly traded firms have shown a robust negative relationship between board size and firm performance. The evidence on small and medium-sized firms is less clear; we show that existing work has been incomplete in analyzing the causal relationship due to weak identification strategies. Using a rich data set of almost 7000 closely held corporations we provide a causal analysis of board size effects on firm performance: We use a novel instrument given by the number of children of the chief executive officer (CEO) of the firms. First, we find a strong positive correlation between family size and board size and show this correlation to be driven by firms where the CEO's relatives serve on the board. Second, we find empirical evidence of a small adverse board size effect driven by the minority of small and medium-sized firms that are characterized by having comparatively large boards of six or more members.
TidsskriftJournal of Banking & Finance
Udgave nummer6
Sider (fra-til)1098-1109
Antal sider10
StatusUdgivet - 2008

Bibliografisk note

JEL classification codes: G30, G32, K22

ID: 5520510