Anne Sofie Beck Knudsen forsvarer sin ph.d.-afhandling ved Økonomisk Institut

Kandidat

Anne Sofie Beck Knudsen

Titel på afhandlingen

"Persistence and Change in Long-Run Development"  Det vil være muligt før forsvaret at rekvirere en kopi af afhandlingen ved henvendelse til Informationen (26.0.20), Økonomisk Institut.

Tid og sted

30. november 2018 kl. 13:30, Københavns Universitet, Center for Sundhed og Samfund, Økonomisk Institut, Øster Farimagsgade 5, 1353 København K., bygning 26, lokale 26.2.21. Af hensyn til kandidaten lukkes dørene præcis.

Bedømmelsesudvalg

  • Lektor  Jeanet Bentzen, Københavns Universitet, Danmark (formand)
  • Professor Sascha O. Becker, University of Warwick, UK
  • Professor Uwe Sunde, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Tyskland

Resumé

This Ph.D. thesis contributes to the understanding of what drives persistence and change in long-run development.

Chapter 1 documents how the Age of Mass Migration (1850-1920) generated cultural change towards collectivism and convergence across Scandinavian localities. Comparing all migrants and stayers of the period, I find that people with stronger individualistic traits were more likely to migrate. Since more than 25% of the population left in this period, the self-selectivity of migrants caused a considerable reduction in Scandinavian individualism, which has lasted up until today.

In Chapter 2, I examine the transmission of collectivistic cultural traits across and between more than four million North European families during the period 1703-1910. I find that parents adhere to the cultural values inherited from their childhood homes and pass them on to their own children. The transmission is not perfect and parents appear to be influenced by the average cultural traits of the surrounding population, interfamily structures, and minority status. Evidence suggests that parents actively socialize their children, but are in possession of limited resources and view socialization by society as a substitute.

Chapter 3 is joint work with Carl-Johan Dalgaard and Pablo Selaya, and here we document that a high level of natural productivity of the ocean has had a persistently positive impact on economic development. We argue that this is due to early settlements on the coast, which fostered human capabilities that were complementary to industrialization, and allowed for an early take-off to Growth.