Thomas Markussen får optaget artikel i Review of Economic Studies
Entrusting the power to punish to a central authority is a hallmark of civilization, yet informal or horizontal sanctions have attracted more attention of late. We study experimentally a collective action dilemma and test whether subjects choose a formal sanction scheme that costs less than the surplus it makes possible, as predicted by standard economic theory, or instead opt for the use of informal sanctions or no sanctions. Our subjects choose, and succeed in using, informal sanctions surprisingly often, their voting decisions being responsive to the cost of formal sanctions. Adoption by voting enhances the efficiency of both informal sanctions and non-deterrent formal sanctions. Results are qualitatively confirmed under several permutations of the experimental design. The paper, “Self-Organization for Collective Action: An Experimental Study of Voting on Sanction Regimes”, is joint work with Louis Putterman (Brown U) and Jean-Robert Tyran (U Vienna and U Copenhagen).