Manoel Bittencourt, University of Pretoria

30 November 2017 kl. 15:00

"Trade Openness and Fertility Rates in Africa: Panel-data Evidence". Seminar arranged by Centre for Macroeconomics and the Historical Record (MEHR) Read more

Mads Meier Jæger

26 October 2017 kl. 14:00

"Historical Context and Multigenerational Socioeconomic Attainment". Seminar arranged by Centre for Macroeconomics and the Historical Record Read more

Davide Cantoni, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München

5 October 2017 kl. 15:00

"Persistence and Activation of Right-Wing Political Ideology". Seminar arranged by Centre for Macroeconomics and the Historical Record. Read more

Sonia Bhalotra, University of Essex

9 August 2017 kl. 15:00

"Fertility Responses to Reductions in Infant Mortality: Quasi-Experimental Evidence from 20th Century America". Seminar arranged by Centre for Macroeconomics and the Historical Record (MEHR). Read more

Luigi Pascali, University of Warwick

23 October 2014 kl. 3:00pm

MEHR seminar Read more

Robert Tamura, Clemson University

8 May 2014 kl. 3:00pm

MEHR seminar Read more

Casper Worm Hansen, Aarhus Universitet

24 April 2014 kl. 1:00pm

MEHR seminar Read more

Nils-Petter Lagerlöf, York University

12 December 2013 kl. 15:00

""Statehood, Democracy and Preindustrial Development". Seminar arranged by Centre for Macroeconomics and the Historical Record Read more

Kerstin Enflo, Lund University: "Locomotives of Local Growth: The Short- and Long-Term Impact of Raildroads in Sweden"

31 October 2013 kl. 15:00

MEHR seminar Read more

Andrew Clark, Paris School of Economics: "Let us pray: Religious interactions in life satisfaction"

29 May 2013 kl. 2:00pm

MEHR seminar Read more

Antonio Ciccone, Pompeu Fabra Universitat

18 April 2013 kl. 3:00pm

MEHR seminar Read more

Boris Gershman, American University: "The Two Sides of Envy"

13 March 2013 kl. 10:00am

MEHR seminar Read more

Anastasia Litina, University of Luxembourg: "The Geographical Origins of State Formation"

7 March 2013 kl. 3:00pm

MEHR seminar Read more

Dominic Rohner, University of Zurich: "The Geography of Inter-State Resource Wars"

21 February 2013 kl. 15:00

MEHR seminar Read more

Ola Olsson, University of Gothenburg: "The Evolution of Statehood of 6000 Years: New Data and Results"

17 January 2013 kl. 3:00pm

MEHR seminar Read more

Jakob B Madsen, Monash University, Australia: "Human Accomplishment over the Last Millennium: Endogenous Growth Models Meet their Past"

6 December 2012 kl. 3:00pm

MEHR seminar Read more

Casper Worm, University of Aarhus: "Gender Roles and Agricultural History"

30 November 2012 kl. 3:00pm

MEHR seminar Read more

Omer Moav, University of Warwick: "Transparency, Appropriability and the Early State"

19 November 2012 kl. 3:00pm

MEHR seminar Read more

Peter Fibiger Bang, SAXO Institute, University of Copenhagen: "Then the state was strong and seasoned in the arts of war and peace – predation and rent-seeking in the Roman Empire"

8 November 2012 kl. 3:00pm

MEHR seminar Read more

Christian Skovsgaard, University of Southern Denmark

1 November 2012 kl. 3:00pm

MEHR seminar Read more

Karl Gunnar Persson, University of Copenhagen: "Winners and losers from globalization: Why both US and European farmers were angry in the Grain Invasion era, 1870-1900"

29 October 2012 kl. 2:00pm

MEHR seminar Read more

Nicholas Crafts, University of Warwick

24 October 2012 kl. 2:00pm

MEHR seminar Read more

Helmuth Nyborg, Institute of Psychology, Aarhus University: "Religiosity, income, and intelligence within and across races"

4 October 2012 kl. 1:30pm

MEHR seminar Read more

Alberto Basso, University of Alicante: "Fertility transition and quantity-quality trade-off: historical evidence from Spain"

20 September 2012 kl. 3:00pm

MEHR seminar Read more

Stéphanie Collet, Free University of Brussels

24 May 2012 kl. 13:00

MEHR seminar Read more

Marc Klemp, University of Copenhagen

10 May 2012 kl. 1:00pm

MEHR seminar Read more

Sissel Bjerrum Fossat, Syddansk Universitet: "Den lille pige med iskagen. Om hvordan danskere studerede amerikansk produktivitet som opskriften på fremskridt, velstand og en højere levestandard under Marshallplanens tekniske bistand 1948-1955"

3 May 2012 kl. 3:00pm

MEHR seminar Read more

Katharina Muehlhoff, University of Mannheim: "Future Lessons from Past Epidemics? The Economics of Smallpox Vaccination in 19th Century Germany and France"

26 April 2012 kl. 3:00pm

MEHR seminar Read more

Bent Sørensen, Roskilde University Center, 'Danish Energy History, Population and (missing) Statistical Data'

19 April 2012 kl. 2:00pm

MEHR seminar Read more

Kristian Hansen, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 'Fighting Malaria - an overview of the main issues with focus on economics'

29 March 2012 kl. 1:00pm

MEHR seminar Read more

MEHR Seminar: Kerstin Enflo, Lund University, 'Patents and technical change during the Industrial Revolution: A new time series perspective' - CANCELED!

8 March 2012 kl. 1:00pm

Abstract: We explore the causal link between the sharp increase in patenting activities and the Industrial Revolution in England between 1720 and 1850. There is an ongoing debate about the role of patents and the patents system in driving and explaining growth during this period. To some historians like Nobel laureate Douglass North, the English patent system was an important factor behind the Industrial Revolution whereas others have expressed a more skeptic view, arguing that increases in patenting cou...
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MEHR Seminar: Toke Aidt, University of Cambridge, 'Democratization under the threat of revolution: Evidence from the Great Reform Act of 1832'

23 February 2012 kl. N.B.!!! 2:00pm

Abstract: This paper proposes a test of the "threat of revolution" hypothesis that links democratisation to the threat of political violence based on evidence from the Great Reform Act adopted by the British Parliament in 1832. It relies on a time-varying constituency-specific measure of the threat of revolution and uses a panel data strategy with fixed effects and instrumental variables. We find that political violence affected the outcome of the critical 1831 general election which was essent...
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MEHR Seminar: Martin Dribe, Lund University - CANCELED!

16 February 2012 kl. 3:00pm

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MEHR Seminar: Markus Lampe, Universidad Carlos III Madrid, 'Accounting for the Success of the Danish Dairy Industry: The Spread and Development of Best Practice in Bookkeeping in the Late Nineteenth Century'

9 February 2012 kl. 1:00pm

Abstract: We consider the development of accounting practice as a key determinant of the success of Danish dairying and thus the Danish economy as a whole in the late nineteenth century. Agriculture in Denmark was an early adopter of scientific method in dairying, particularly with the promotion by first the estate owner J. Friis and later by Professor of Dairy Husbandry at the Royal Agricultural College in Copenhagen, Th. Segelcke, of professional measuring equipment. This was used to take precise measu...
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MEHR Seminar: Mark Dincecco, IMT Lucca: 'State Capacity and Long-Run Performance'

2 February 2012 kl. 3:00pm

Abstract: We examine the long-term links between state capacity and economic performance. Our database is novel and spans 11 countries and 4 centuries in Europe, the birthplace of modern economic growth. A dynamic simultaneous equation panel model indicates that the performance effects of states with modern extractive and productive capabilities are significant, large, and robust to a broad range of methods, specifications, controls, and sub-samples. We find that the establishment of an efficient state i...
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MEHR Seminar: Mohamed Saleh, University of Southern California

30 January 2012 kl. 1:00pm

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MEHR Seminar: Karol Borowiecki, Trinity College Dublin

20 January 2012 kl. 1:00pm

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MEHR Seminar: Samad Sarferaz, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, 'Crisis? What Crisis? Currency vs. Banking in the Financial Crisis of 1931'

15 December 2011 kl. 1:00pm

Abstract: This paper examines currency and banking in the German financial crisis of 1931 for both Germany and the U.S. We specify a structural dynamic factor model to identify financial and monetary factors separately for each economy. We find a major role for financial distress in propagating the crisis. We also find strong evidence of crisis transmission from Germany to the U.S. via the banking channel. Banking distress in both economies was apparently not endogenous to monetary policy. Results confirm...
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MEHR Seminar: Eoin McLaughlin, University of Edinburgh, 'Culture, Conflict and Cooperation: Irish dairying before the Great War Revisited'

8 December 2011 kl. 3:00pm

Abstract: What determined dairy cooperation in early twentieth century Ireland? Was the propensity to cooperate influenced by culture and political strife, economic considerations such as an existing commercial dairy industry, or combination of both? We revisit this issue and argue that culture and political strife were not important determinants of dairy cooperation in Ireland rather it was influenced by a pre-existing commercial dairy industry.
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MEHR Seminar: Matteo Cervellati, University of Bologna, 'The Economic and Demographic Transition, Mortality, and Comparative Development'

24 November 2011 kl. 3:00pm

Abstract: We present a theory of the economic and demographic transition where adult longevity, child mortality, fertility and the education composition of the population are jointly determined. The model allows to investigate the determinants of underdevelopment traps as well as the mechanism that leads to an endogenous exit out of the trap, and to assess the role of exogenous reductions in mortality and the role of permanent differences in extrinsic mortality across countries. The theory delivers a seri...
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MEHR Seminar: Martin Uebele, University of Münster, 'American Agriculture and the Creation and Strange Disintegration of a National Market'

3 November 2011 kl. 1:00pm

Abstract: We study US state average prices of 13 agricultural products, 1870-2000, by estimating annual price comovement and dispersion. We find that national markets for all products integrated during the 19th century, but that markets for some products such as wheat and potatoes disintegrated after World War 2. Reasons for the latter may include increasing transport costs due to deficiencies of public infrastructure maintainance, changes in the production structure of the agricultural sector as well as...
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MEHR Seminar: Niels Framroze Møller, University of Copenhagen, 'Was the Poor Periphery more Malthusian than England? Evidence from Pre-industrial Scandinavia'

27 October 2011 kl. 3:00pm

Abstract: We consider whether evidence from the poor periphery of Europe, namely Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, displayed similar ‘Malthusian' characteristics to England. We follow the approach adopted by Møller and Sharp (2008) in interpreting the Malthusian theory as a Cointegrated Vector-Auto-Regressive (VAR) model in population and labor demand, and a stationary VAR model in real income, birth rates, and death rates. We find that stationarity is also rejected by the Scandinavian pre-indust...
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MEHR Seminar: Joost Veenstra, University of Groningen, 'The Yanks of Europe: two technological paths in German manufacturing, 1907-1936'

13 October 2011 kl. 3:00pm

Abstract: America's lead over Europe from the late nineteenth century onwards has often been contributed to differences in initial conditions, trapping Europe in a labour-intensive and low productive technological path. However, in the case of German manufacturing, this analysis does not align with qualitative evidence obtained from the German metal-engineering industry, which shows that German manufacturers actively copied or imported American machinery. On the basis of labour productivity comparisons i...
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MEHR Seminar: Jacob Weisdorf, University of Copenhagen, 'The Child Quantity-Quality Trade-off in England during the Industrial Revolution'

6 October 2011 kl. 1:00pm

Abstract: We take Gary Becker's child quantity-quality trade-off hypothesis to the historical record, investigating the causal link from family size to the educational status of offspring using data from Anglican parish registers, c. 1700-1830. Since public schooling was not yet widespread we proxy educational status of offspring by whether or not they had an occupation which required substantial training (i.e. more than one year) and whether they were literate or not. Extraordinarily for historical data...
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MEHR Seminar: Sofia Henriques, Lund University, 'Energy Transitions, Natural Resources and Industrialization: Portugal in a Long Run Comparative Perspective'

29 September 2011 kl. 3:00pm

Abstract: This talk will address the role of energy in shaping the industrialization process of a coal-poor country. An international comparison of long-run energy quantities reveals that Portugal´s transition to fossil fuels and high-energy quantities was exceptionally late when compared with early industrializers. It is argued that Portugal´s incipient industrialization during the First and Second Industrial Revolution was due to excessive energy costs. Institutional changes and the emergen...
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MEHR Seminar: Battista Severgnini, Copenhagen Business School, 'Epidemic Trade'

15 September 2011 kl. 3:00pm

Abstract: This paper studies the spread of the Black Death as a proxy for the flow of medieval trade between 1346 and 1351. The Black Death struck most areas of Europe and the wider Mediterranean. Based on a modified version of the gravity model, we estimate the speed (in kilometers per day) of transmission of the disease between the transmitting and the receiving cities. We find that the speed depends on distance, political borders, and on the political importance of a city. Furthermore, variables relat...
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MEHR Seminar: Nina Boberg-Fazlic, University of Copenhagen, 'Nothing but a poor man with money? Explaining the changing fertility decisions of the rich before the English demographic transition'

8 September 2011 kl. 1:00pm

Abstract: This paper investigates the socio-economic fertility differential in pre-industrial England. Although the onset of the demographic transition is usually dated around 1870, we find that the richer groups of society started limiting fertility much earlier than this. Thereby, a reversal in the fertility pattern emerges where the rich have more children than the poor up to the 1700's and fewer by the early 19th century. A possible theoretical explanation for this pattern is presented in Galor and M...
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MEHR Seminar: Paul Sharp, Humboldt University, 'The Cost of Railroad Regulation: The Disintegration of American Agricultural Markets in the Interwar Period'

19 May 2011 kl. 2:15pm

Abstract: We investigate the costs of transportation regulation using the example of agricultural markets in the United States. Using a large database of prices by state of agricultural commodities, we find that the coefficient of variation (as a measure of market integration between states) falls for many commodities until the first world war. We demonstrate that this reflected changes in transportation costs which in turn in the long run depended on productivity growth in railroads. 1920 marked a chang...
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MEHR Seminar: Leigh Gardner, British Museum, 'Money and Empire: A New Look at Currency Boards in British Colonial Africa'

7 April 2011 kl. 3:00pm

Abstract: Though often neglected by historians of the British Empire, colonial currency boards played an important role in the economic and financial management of the colonies. Initially established in response to bank failures in Mauritius and Ceylon in the nineteenth century, by the early twentieth century currency boards became the standard means of issuing colonial currencies backed by sterling reserves. In addition, through the investment of their reserves, currency boards became a source of revenu...
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MEHR Seminar: Brooks Kaiser, Gettysburg College, 'Rocky Seas: Dynamics of the Transition from Whale Oil to Petroleum'

17 March 2011 kl. 3:00pm

Abstract: This paper investigates the transition from whale oil to petroleum that occurred in the mid-19th century in terms of dynamic efficiency of natural resource use and the timing of the transition between these resources. The discovery of petroleum is often presented as a stochastic event that ‘saved the whales'; we argue that the timing fits a deterministic model of transition driven by investment in knowledge needed for a new resource. Whale harvesting was an open-access fishery experiencing...
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MEHR Seminar: Francesco Cinnirella, Ifo Institute for Economic Research, 'Landownership Concentration and the Expansion of Education'

24 February 2011 kl. 3:00pm

Abstract: Cross-country studies show that high levels of inequality in landownership negatively affect growth-enhancing institutions and human capital formation. Landed elites in agrarian societies oppose mass education and hold the political power necessary to prevent the expansion of schooling. We present evidence from nineteenth-century Prussia showing that the concentration of large landownership is significantly associated with lower levels of primary school enrollment. Prussia is an interestin...
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MEHR Seminar: Timothy Guinnane, Yale University, 'Population and Economic Development in the very Long Run'

10 February 2011 kl. 3:00pm

Abstract: Demographic change and its role in long-term economic growth is now back at the center of several areas of economics. This talk will deal with several facets of an ongoing project (joint with Sheilagh Ogilvie) that uses new and rich data for southwest Germany from the mid-17th century through the early 20th century. At the heart of our project lies the classic method of family reconstitution, which allows us to general individual-level data to examine the determinants of fertility, marriage, an...
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