Those Who Stayed: Individualism, Self-Selection and Cultural Change During the Age of Mass Migration
Publikation: Working paper › Forskning
This paper examines the joint evolution of emigration and individualism in Scandinavia during the Age of Mass Migration (1850-1920). A long-standing hypothesis holds that people of a stronger individualistic mindset are more likely to migrate as they suffer lower costs of abandoning existing social networks. Building on this hypothesis, I propose a theory of cultural change where migrant self-selection generates a relative push away from individualism, and towards collectivism, in migrant-sending locations through a combination of initial distributional effects and channels of intergenerational cultural transmission. Due to the interdependent relationship between emigration and individualism, emigration is furthermore associated with cultural convergence across subnational locations. I combine various sources of empirical data, including historical population census records and passenger lists of emigrants, and test the relevant elements of the proposed theory at the individual and subnational.
|Status||Udgivet - 31 jan. 2019|
|Navn||University of Copenhagen. Institute of Economics. Discussion Papers (Online)|
- culture, individualism, migration, selection, economic history