Childhood health shocks, comparative advantage, and long-term outcomes: Evidence from the last Danish polio epidemic

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Standard

Childhood health shocks, comparative advantage, and long-term outcomes : Evidence from the last Danish polio epidemic. / Gensowski, Miriam; Nielsen, Torben Heien; Nielsen, Nete Munk; Rossin-Slater, Maya; Wüst, Miriam.

I: Journal of Health Economics, Bind 66, 07.2019, s. 27-36.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Gensowski, M, Nielsen, TH, Nielsen, NM, Rossin-Slater, M & Wüst, M 2019, 'Childhood health shocks, comparative advantage, and long-term outcomes: Evidence from the last Danish polio epidemic', Journal of Health Economics, bind 66, s. 27-36. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhealeco.2019.03.010

APA

Gensowski, M., Nielsen, T. H., Nielsen, N. M., Rossin-Slater, M., & Wüst, M. (2019). Childhood health shocks, comparative advantage, and long-term outcomes: Evidence from the last Danish polio epidemic. Journal of Health Economics, 66, 27-36. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhealeco.2019.03.010

Vancouver

Gensowski M, Nielsen TH, Nielsen NM, Rossin-Slater M, Wüst M. Childhood health shocks, comparative advantage, and long-term outcomes: Evidence from the last Danish polio epidemic. Journal of Health Economics. 2019 jul;66:27-36. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhealeco.2019.03.010

Author

Gensowski, Miriam ; Nielsen, Torben Heien ; Nielsen, Nete Munk ; Rossin-Slater, Maya ; Wüst, Miriam. / Childhood health shocks, comparative advantage, and long-term outcomes : Evidence from the last Danish polio epidemic. I: Journal of Health Economics. 2019 ; Bind 66. s. 27-36.

Bibtex

@article{d5fc293d41ab499098804101f1b5d087,
title = "Childhood health shocks, comparative advantage, and long-term outcomes: Evidence from the last Danish polio epidemic",
abstract = "This paper examines the long-term effects of childhood disability on individuals’ educational and occupational choices, late-career labor market participation, and mortality. We merge medical records on children hospitalized with poliomyelitis during the 1952 Danish epidemic to census and administrative data, and exploit quasi-random variation in paralysis incidence in this population. While childhood disability increases the likelihood of early retirement and disability pension receipt at age 50, paralytic polio survivors are more likely to obtain a university degree and to go on to work in white-collar and computer-demanding jobs than their non-paralytic counterparts. Our results are consistent with individuals making educational and occupational choices that reflect a shift in the comparative advantage of cognitive versus physical skills. We also find that paralytic polio patients from low socioeconomic status backgrounds are more likely to die prematurely than their non-paralytic counterparts, whereas there is no effect on mortality among polio survivors from more advantaged backgrounds.",
keywords = "Faculty of Social Sciences, Childhood health shocks, Occupational sorting, Comparative advantage, Mediation, Long-term effects",
author = "Miriam Gensowski and Nielsen, {Torben Heien} and Nielsen, {Nete Munk} and Maya Rossin-Slater and Miriam W{\"u}st",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1016/j.jhealeco.2019.03.010",
language = "English",
volume = "66",
pages = "27--36",
journal = "Journal of Health Economics",
issn = "0167-6296",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Childhood health shocks, comparative advantage, and long-term outcomes

T2 - Evidence from the last Danish polio epidemic

AU - Gensowski, Miriam

AU - Nielsen, Torben Heien

AU - Nielsen, Nete Munk

AU - Rossin-Slater, Maya

AU - Wüst, Miriam

PY - 2019/7

Y1 - 2019/7

N2 - This paper examines the long-term effects of childhood disability on individuals’ educational and occupational choices, late-career labor market participation, and mortality. We merge medical records on children hospitalized with poliomyelitis during the 1952 Danish epidemic to census and administrative data, and exploit quasi-random variation in paralysis incidence in this population. While childhood disability increases the likelihood of early retirement and disability pension receipt at age 50, paralytic polio survivors are more likely to obtain a university degree and to go on to work in white-collar and computer-demanding jobs than their non-paralytic counterparts. Our results are consistent with individuals making educational and occupational choices that reflect a shift in the comparative advantage of cognitive versus physical skills. We also find that paralytic polio patients from low socioeconomic status backgrounds are more likely to die prematurely than their non-paralytic counterparts, whereas there is no effect on mortality among polio survivors from more advantaged backgrounds.

AB - This paper examines the long-term effects of childhood disability on individuals’ educational and occupational choices, late-career labor market participation, and mortality. We merge medical records on children hospitalized with poliomyelitis during the 1952 Danish epidemic to census and administrative data, and exploit quasi-random variation in paralysis incidence in this population. While childhood disability increases the likelihood of early retirement and disability pension receipt at age 50, paralytic polio survivors are more likely to obtain a university degree and to go on to work in white-collar and computer-demanding jobs than their non-paralytic counterparts. Our results are consistent with individuals making educational and occupational choices that reflect a shift in the comparative advantage of cognitive versus physical skills. We also find that paralytic polio patients from low socioeconomic status backgrounds are more likely to die prematurely than their non-paralytic counterparts, whereas there is no effect on mortality among polio survivors from more advantaged backgrounds.

KW - Faculty of Social Sciences

KW - Childhood health shocks

KW - Occupational sorting

KW - Comparative advantage

KW - Mediation

KW - Long-term effects

U2 - 10.1016/j.jhealeco.2019.03.010

DO - 10.1016/j.jhealeco.2019.03.010

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31100634

VL - 66

SP - 27

EP - 36

JO - Journal of Health Economics

JF - Journal of Health Economics

SN - 0167-6296

ER -

ID: 216206898