Historical Migration and Contemporary Health

Publikation: Working paperForskningfagfællebedømt

Standard

Historical Migration and Contemporary Health. / Selaya, Pablo; Dalgaard, Carl-Johan Lars; Andersen, Thomas Barnebeck; Skovsgaard, Christian Volmar.

2020.

Publikation: Working paperForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Selaya, P, Dalgaard, C-JL, Andersen, TB & Skovsgaard, CV 2020 'Historical Migration and Contemporary Health'.

APA

Selaya, P., Dalgaard, C-J. L., Andersen, T. B., & Skovsgaard, C. V. (Accepteret/In press). Historical Migration and Contemporary Health.

Vancouver

Selaya P, Dalgaard C-JL, Andersen TB, Skovsgaard CV. Historical Migration and Contemporary Health. 2020 okt 9.

Author

Selaya, Pablo ; Dalgaard, Carl-Johan Lars ; Andersen, Thomas Barnebeck ; Skovsgaard, Christian Volmar. / Historical Migration and Contemporary Health. 2020.

Bibtex

@techreport{2ae45ac26f964cc09ccb6eafc344995a,
title = "Historical Migration and Contemporary Health",
abstract = "We show that migration during the last 500 years induced differences in contemporary health outcomes. The theory behind our analysis builds on three physiological facts. First, vitamin D deficiency is directly associated with higher risk of all-cause mortality. Second, the ability of humans to synthesize vitamin D from sunlight (UV-R) declines with skin pigmentation. Third, skin pigmentation is the result of an evolutionary compromise between higher risk of vitamin D deficiency and lower risk of skin cancer. When individuals from high UV-R regions migrate to low UV-R regions, the risk of vitamin D deficiency rises markedly. We develop a measure that allows us to empirically explore the aggregate health consequences of such migration in a long historical perspective. We find that the potential risk of vitamin D deficiency induced by migration during the last half millennium is a robust predictor of present-day aggregate health indicators.",
author = "Pablo Selaya and Dalgaard, {Carl-Johan Lars} and Andersen, {Thomas Barnebeck} and Skovsgaard, {Christian Volmar}",
year = "2020",
month = "10",
day = "9",
language = "English",
type = "WorkingPaper",

}

RIS

TY - UNPB

T1 - Historical Migration and Contemporary Health

AU - Selaya, Pablo

AU - Dalgaard, Carl-Johan Lars

AU - Andersen, Thomas Barnebeck

AU - Skovsgaard, Christian Volmar

PY - 2020/10/9

Y1 - 2020/10/9

N2 - We show that migration during the last 500 years induced differences in contemporary health outcomes. The theory behind our analysis builds on three physiological facts. First, vitamin D deficiency is directly associated with higher risk of all-cause mortality. Second, the ability of humans to synthesize vitamin D from sunlight (UV-R) declines with skin pigmentation. Third, skin pigmentation is the result of an evolutionary compromise between higher risk of vitamin D deficiency and lower risk of skin cancer. When individuals from high UV-R regions migrate to low UV-R regions, the risk of vitamin D deficiency rises markedly. We develop a measure that allows us to empirically explore the aggregate health consequences of such migration in a long historical perspective. We find that the potential risk of vitamin D deficiency induced by migration during the last half millennium is a robust predictor of present-day aggregate health indicators.

AB - We show that migration during the last 500 years induced differences in contemporary health outcomes. The theory behind our analysis builds on three physiological facts. First, vitamin D deficiency is directly associated with higher risk of all-cause mortality. Second, the ability of humans to synthesize vitamin D from sunlight (UV-R) declines with skin pigmentation. Third, skin pigmentation is the result of an evolutionary compromise between higher risk of vitamin D deficiency and lower risk of skin cancer. When individuals from high UV-R regions migrate to low UV-R regions, the risk of vitamin D deficiency rises markedly. We develop a measure that allows us to empirically explore the aggregate health consequences of such migration in a long historical perspective. We find that the potential risk of vitamin D deficiency induced by migration during the last half millennium is a robust predictor of present-day aggregate health indicators.

M3 - Working paper

BT - Historical Migration and Contemporary Health

ER -

ID: 216479698