Torben Mideksa, Uppsala University
I examine a policy-making game among countries that must choose both a policy instrument (e.g., a carbon tax or a quota) and its intensity (i.e., the tax rate or the quota level) to price pollution. When countries price pollution non-cooperatively, they not only set the intensity inefficiently but they are also likely to adopt the Pigouvian fees, despite quotas being superior from a welfare perspective. Adopting a Pigouvian fee to address a multi-country externality generates a risk externality, and non-cooperatively chosen quotas can generate higher social welfare than the maximum social welfare Pigouvian fees can deliver.
Contact person: Peter Norman Sørensen